arrow-right cart chevron-down chevron-left chevron-right chevron-up close menu minus play plus search share user email pinterest facebook instagram snapchat tumblr twitter vimeo youtube subscribe dogecoin dwolla forbrugsforeningen litecoin amazon_payments american_express bitcoin cirrus discover fancy interac jcb master paypal stripe visa diners_club dankort maestro trash

About Fermentation


Fermentation is a natural way to preserve foods, while making them more delicious. Many cultures have used fermentation as a preservation method for thousands of years. See this list of fermented foods from around the world. Humans ferment grains, dairy, meat, legumes, fruit and vegetables!

🇨🇳🇰🇷🇯🇵🇩🇪🇨🇿🇷🇺🇺🇦🇺🇸🇮🇶🇮🇷...

At Number 1 Sons, our fermented foods are simply vegetables, salt, water, and spices. We put everything in a barrel and create an anaerobic environment, i.e., devoid of oxygen. This means we're creating a seal between what's in the barrel and what's outside the barrel. The bacteria that are important for fermentation function in an anaerobic environment. And then the process begins.

Similar to how our bodies are covered in millions of good bacteria, fruits and vegetables naturally have good bacteria! Those bacteria seek out carbohydrates, AKA sugars like glucose, in the vegetables to converted the carbs into cellular energy and lactic acid. 

🥒 + ⚪️ + 💦 + 🌶

When vegetables are put in the right environment - filtered water, correct concentration of salt, temperature, minimal exposure to UV light - the good bacteria are able to convert carbohydrates into lactic acid and other good bacteria. When making our fermented foods, we are sourcing good quality vegetables and following a recipe. At the end of the day, we're doing all these things to make sure the bacteria are in the right environment to do their work.

There are multiple types of bacteria involved in fermentation! One of them is lactic acid, which is a good bacteria that naturally sours and preserves the vegetables. During the fermentation process, the type of bacteria change and the number of bacteria grow, causing a cloudier brine. You may have noticed that our Super Sour pickles, which ferment for about a month, have a cloudier brine than our Half Sours, which ferment for a week. 

☁️ ☁️ ☁️

We ferment our kimchis, krauts and pickles for a few days to a month. The length of the fermentation process depends on the temperature, type of vegetable and desired end product.

⏱ ⏱ ⏱

​Fermentation never stops. Refrigerating the product significantly slows the process, like an animal going into winter hibernation. If you left your kimchi in the fridge for a year, the flavor and texture would change. The kimchi would certainly be more sour, it might more or less spicy and it'd almost certainly lose some of its crunch. Additionally, carbon dioxide is another byproduct of fermentation and so you may notice your container top start to pop up over time. If this happens, simply “burp” the container lid.

💨 💨 💨

The end product is a delicious living food. The big difference between fermented pickles and canned and/or vinegar pickles is the bacteria. The canning process eradicates all bacteria to create a sterile environment. During fermentation, we embrace good bacteria. According to a USDA microbiologist, there are no documented cases of food-borne illness from fermented vegetables.​

🥫 🥫 🥫

Fermented vegetables are one food that contain natural probiotics.​ Probiotics are good bacteria or microorganisms. Our bodies host many millions of microorganisms, collectively known as our microbiome. In a balanced microbiome, friendly bacteria, like lactic acid, outnumber the bad bacteria. These microbes have many health benefits, especially in maintaining a beneficial colony of bacteria in the gastrointestinal system.

Looking to introduce naturally occurring probiotics into your diet? Kombucha, sauerkraut, kimchi and our fermented pickles are a place you can start. Different types of fermented foods, like yogurt, kimchi, kraut, kombucha, contain different types of probiotics. Every person's microbiome is also unique. So one person's microbiome may really enjoy the probiotics in yogurt, while another person's microbiome enjoys kimchi.

👩‍🔬 👨‍🔬 👩‍🔬 👨‍🔬 

There is a growing body of research behind human microbiomes, the connection between consuming probiotics and our microbiomes and the connection between our microbiomes and both mental and physical health. What an exciting time to be alive!

Happy Eating!